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The Unsustainable Trend of Natural Hazard Losses in the United States
Department of Geography & Anthropology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
Digital Sandbox Inc., 8260 Greensboro Drive #450, McLean, VA 22102, USA
Hazards & Vulnerability Research Institute, Department of Geography, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29201, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2011; in revised form: 26 October 2011 / Accepted: 28 October 2011 / Published: 14 November 2011
Abstract: In the United States, direct losses from natural hazards are on the rise with hurricanes, flooding, and severe storms contributing about three quarters of the total damages. While losses from severe storms have been stable over the past fifty years, hurricane and flood losses have tripled. Per capita losses are also increasing showing that impacts outpace population growth with high per capita losses occurring largely in the Southeast and Midwest. If the loss escalation of the past two decades continues into the future, then direct losses of $300 to $400 billion within a single decade are possible. In order to reverse this trend, sustainable development, vulnerability reduction, and hazard mitigation must become priorities and current loss reduction efforts need to be evaluated and re-assessed in terms of their effectiveness. These conclusions are drawn from the analysis of spatial and temporal trends in direct losses from natural hazards using SHELDUSTM data from 1960 through 2009. Loss data are adjusted for inflation, population, and wealth to capture both trends in total losses and per capita losses. The loss data are then compared to disaster-related federal government and private insurance expenditures.
Keywords: natural hazards; losses; hazard mitigation; United States; severe weather; climate change; resilience
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Gall, M.; Borden, K.A.; Emrich, C.T.; Cutter, S.L. The Unsustainable Trend of Natural Hazard Losses in the United States. Sustainability 2011, 3, 2157-2181.
Gall M, Borden KA, Emrich CT, Cutter SL. The Unsustainable Trend of Natural Hazard Losses in the United States. Sustainability. 2011; 3(11):2157-2181.
Gall, Melanie; Borden, Kevin A.; Emrich, Christopher T.; Cutter, Susan L. 2011. "The Unsustainable Trend of Natural Hazard Losses in the United States." Sustainability 3, no. 11: 2157-2181.