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The Importance of Regulation-Induced Innovation for Sustainable Development
MIT Technology and Law Program, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Urban Affairs and Planning, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 December 2010; Accepted: 2 January 2011 / Published: 19 January 2011
Abstract: This article explores the complex relationship between environmental regulation, innovation, and sustainable development within the context of an increasingly globalizing economy. The economic development, environment, and employment aspects of sustainable development are emphasized. We contend that the most crucial problem in achieving sustainability is lock-in or path dependency due to (1) the failure to envision, design, and implement policies that achieve co-optimization, or the mutually reinforcing, of social goals, and (2) entrenched economic and political interests that gain from the present system and advancement of its current trends. The article argues that industrial policy, environmental law and policy, and trade initiatives must be ‘opened up’ by expanding the practice of multi-purpose policy design, and that these policies must be integrated as well. Sustainable development requires stimulating revolutionary technological innovation through environmental, health, safety, economic, and labor market regulation. Greater support for these changes must also be reinforced by ‘opening up the participatory and political space’ to enable new voices to contribute to integrated thinking and solutions.
Keywords: co-optimization; economic development; employment; environment; innovation; health and safety; lock-in; path dependency; policy integration; regulation; system changes; sustainability; sustainable development; trade
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MDPI and ACS Style
Ashford, N.A.; Hall, R.P. The Importance of Regulation-Induced Innovation for Sustainable Development. Sustainability 2011, 3, 270-292.
Ashford NA, Hall RP. The Importance of Regulation-Induced Innovation for Sustainable Development. Sustainability. 2011; 3(1):270-292.
Ashford, Nicholas A.; Hall, Ralph P. 2011. "The Importance of Regulation-Induced Innovation for Sustainable Development." Sustainability 3, no. 1: 270-292.