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Handling and Treatment of Poultry Hatchery Waste: A Review
SARDI Livestock Systems, Davies Building, Roseworthy Campus, SA 5371, Australia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 December 2010; in revised form: 12 January 2011 / Accepted: 12 January 2011 / Published: 12 January 2011
Abstract: A literature review was undertaken to identify methods being used to handle and treat hatchery waste. Hatchery waste can be separated into solid waste and liquid waste by centrifuging or by using screens. Potential methods for treating hatchery waste on site include use of a furnace to heat the waste to produce steam to run a turbine generator or to use an in line composter to stabilise the waste. There is also potential to use anaerobic digestion at hatcheries to produce methane and fertilisers. Hatcheries disposing wastewater into lagoons could establish a series of ponds where algae, zooplankton and fish utilise the nutrients using integrated aquaculture which cleans the water making it more suitable for irrigation. The ideal system to establish in a hatchery would be to incorporate separation and handling equipment to separate waste into its various components for further treatment. This would save disposal costs, produce biogas to reduce power costs at plants and produce a range of value added products. However the scale of operations at many hatcheries is too small and development of treatment systems may not be viable.
Keywords: hatchery waste; poultry; infertile eggs; shell; dead embryos; wastewater; anaerobic digestion; integrated aquaculture
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Glatz, P.; Miao, Z.; Rodda, B. Handling and Treatment of Poultry Hatchery Waste: A Review. Sustainability 2011, 3, 216-237.
Glatz P, Miao Z, Rodda B. Handling and Treatment of Poultry Hatchery Waste: A Review. Sustainability. 2011; 3(1):216-237.
Glatz, Phil; Miao, Zhihong; Rodda, Belinda. 2011. "Handling and Treatment of Poultry Hatchery Waste: A Review." Sustainability 3, no. 1: 216-237.