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Sustainability 2011, 3(1), 216-237; doi:10.3390/su3010216
Review

Handling and Treatment of Poultry Hatchery Waste: A Review

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Received: 15 December 2010; in revised form: 12 January 2011 / Accepted: 12 January 2011 / Published: 12 January 2011
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Abstract: A literature review was undertaken to identify methods being used to handle and treat hatchery waste. Hatchery waste can be separated into solid waste and liquid waste by centrifuging or by using screens. Potential methods for treating hatchery waste on site include use of a furnace to heat the waste to produce steam to run a turbine generator or to use an in line composter to stabilise the waste. There is also potential to use anaerobic digestion at hatcheries to produce methane and fertilisers. Hatcheries disposing wastewater into lagoons could establish a series of ponds where algae, zooplankton and fish utilise the nutrients using integrated aquaculture which cleans the water making it more suitable for irrigation. The ideal system to establish in a hatchery would be to incorporate separation and handling equipment to separate waste into its various components for further treatment. This would save disposal costs, produce biogas to reduce power costs at plants and produce a range of value added products. However the scale of operations at many hatcheries is too small and development of treatment systems may not be viable.
Keywords: hatchery waste; poultry; infertile eggs; shell; dead embryos; wastewater; anaerobic digestion; integrated aquaculture hatchery waste; poultry; infertile eggs; shell; dead embryos; wastewater; anaerobic digestion; integrated aquaculture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Glatz, P.; Miao, Z.; Rodda, B. Handling and Treatment of Poultry Hatchery Waste: A Review. Sustainability 2011, 3, 216-237.

AMA Style

Glatz P, Miao Z, Rodda B. Handling and Treatment of Poultry Hatchery Waste: A Review. Sustainability. 2011; 3(1):216-237.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Glatz, Phil; Miao, Zhihong; Rodda, Belinda. 2011. "Handling and Treatment of Poultry Hatchery Waste: A Review." Sustainability 3, no. 1: 216-237.


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