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Sustainability 2010, 2(2), 684-701; doi:10.3390/su2020684
Article

Estimating Arrival Numbers for Informal Recreation: A Geographical Approach and Case Study of British Woodlands

1,* , 1
,
1
 and
2
1 CSERGE, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, NR4 7TJ, UK 2 Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1087, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 January 2010 / Accepted: 21 February 2010 / Published: 25 February 2010
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Abstract

This paper describes a novel methodology for generating models of demand for informal outdoor recreation. We analyze visitor data from multiple forest sites across Great Britain. We introduce a wide range of variables typically omitted from most economic demand models of recreation. These include on-site characteristics, and off-site locational drivers of visitation including substitute and complement availability. A Poisson multilevel model is used to model visitor counts, and the methodology is applied to a dataset of more than 10,000 visits to open-access woodland sites. Results confirm it identifies a broader range of demand drivers than previously observed. The use of nationally available explanatory variables enhances the transferability and hence general applicability of the methodology.
Keywords: forests; arrival modeling; sustainable tourism; transferrable demand forests; arrival modeling; sustainable tourism; transferrable demand
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Jones, A.; Wright, J.; Bateman, I.; Schaafsma, M. Estimating Arrival Numbers for Informal Recreation: A Geographical Approach and Case Study of British Woodlands. Sustainability 2010, 2, 684-701.

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