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Sustainability 2010, 2(1), 354-370; doi:10.3390/su2010354
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Toward Environmentally Sustainable Construction Processes: The U.S. and Canada’s Perspective on Energy Consumption and GHG/CAP Emissions

1
, 2
, 3
 and 2,*
1 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 205 N. Mathews Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, USA 2 The Hole School of Construction Engineering, 3-023 Markin/CNRL Natural Resources Engineering Facility, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2W2, Canada 3 The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science, Columbia University, 510 S.W. Mudd Bldg, 500 W. 120th St., New York, NY 10027, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 December 2009 / Accepted: 18 January 2010 / Published: 21 January 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Sustainability and the Built Environment)
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Abstract

In the building and construction sector, most efforts related to sustainable development have concentrated on the environmental performance of the operation of buildings and infrastructure. However, several studies have called for the need to mitigate the considerable environmental impacts, especially air pollutant emissions and energy consumption, generated by construction processes. To provide a point of reference for initiating the development of environmentally sustainable construction processes, this article identifies energy consumption and air emissions resulting from construction activities and examines previous approaches utilized to assess such environmental impact. This research also identifies the opportunities and challenges to mitigate such environmental impact from construction processes, based on the investigation of current technology policies, regulations, incentives, and guidelines.
Keywords: sustainable construction; environmental management; construction processes sustainable construction; environmental management; construction processes
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Ahn, C.; Lee, S.; Peña-Mora, F.; Abourizk, S. Toward Environmentally Sustainable Construction Processes: The U.S. and Canada’s Perspective on Energy Consumption and GHG/CAP Emissions. Sustainability 2010, 2, 354-370.

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