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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3208; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093208

Development of an Ex-Ante Sustainability Assessment Methodology for Municipal Solid Waste Management Innovations

1
Institute of Infrastructure and Resource Management, University of Leipzig, 04109 Leipzig, Germany
2
Department of Life Cycle Engineering, University of Stuttgart, 70563 Stuttgart, Germany
3
Department of Life Cycle Engineering, Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics, 70563 Stuttgart, Germany
4
Institute of Systems Sciences, Innovation and Sustainability Research, University of Graz, 8010 Graz, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 August 2018 / Revised: 2 September 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 7 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental, Social and Economic Sustainability of Waste Management)
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Abstract

Various municipal solid waste management (MSWM) innovations have emerged in developing countries in face of the challenges posed by increasing waste generation and poor MSWM practice. We present a methodology to assess the potential sustainability impact of MSWM innovations in a holistic manner. The Life Cycle Sustainability Analysis (LCSA) framework and the United Nations (UN) sustainable development goals (SDGs) facilitated the methodology development. The result of applying the methodology to the case of waste bank (WB) in Bandung City shows that WB potentially generates the greatest sustainability impact in the resource recovery phase and the smallest impact in the collection and final disposal phase. All negative impacts could arise in the economic dimension. Surprisingly, WB as a national strategy to achieve 3Rs would not effectively solve Bandung City’s landfill problem. Almost all SDGs would benefit from the WB program under the assumed conditions. This methodology will facilitate the decision-making in MSWM by (1) comparing available innovations to find the optimal solution, (2) identifying the hot spots and taking measures to combat the negative impacts, (3) providing the basis for monitoring the implementation process and the ex-post performance assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: Life Cycle Sustainable Analysis; sustainability assessment; SDGs; ex-ante; waste management; municipal solid waste management; waste bank; Indonesia Life Cycle Sustainable Analysis; sustainability assessment; SDGs; ex-ante; waste management; municipal solid waste management; waste bank; Indonesia
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Wang, J.; Maier, S.D.; Horn, R.; Holländer, R.; Aschemann, R. Development of an Ex-Ante Sustainability Assessment Methodology for Municipal Solid Waste Management Innovations. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3208.

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