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Sustainability 2018, 10(9), 3104; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10093104

Tracking of Physical Activity, Sport Participation, and Sedentary Behaviors over Four Years of High School

1
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Horvaćanski zavoj 15, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
The Faculty of Teacher Education, University of Rijeka, 51 000 Rijeka, Croatia
3
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, 1 000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 August 2018 / Revised: 17 August 2018 / Accepted: 30 August 2018 / Published: 31 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Education and Approaches)
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Abstract

Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the extent of tracking of physical activity (PA), sports participation (SP), and sedentary behaviors (SB) over four years of high school education among the Croatian Physical Activity in Adolescence Longitudinal Study (CRO-PALS) cohort. Methods: In this investigation, participants were 844 high school students (15.6 years at baseline; 49% girls). The SHAPES questionnaire was used to assess PA, SP, and SB at ages 15, 16, 17, and 18 and tracking was assessed using generalized estimating equations. Results: Tracking coefficients for PA were similar in both sexes, ranged from 0.49 to 0.61, and indicated moderate tracking, while the tracking of SB tended to be somewhat higher over the four years of follow-up (β = 0.60–0.72). Youth that participated in sports at baseline had a 16 to 28 times higher odds of continued participation at follow-up, depending on the type of sport and gender. Finally, both low physical activity and high screen time showed strong tracking in both genders. Conclusion: PA and SB tracked moderately between ages 15 and 18. Moreover, the strong tracking of low PA and high screen time indicates that the detection of these risk factors at the beginning of high school should be advocated. View Full-Text
Keywords: longitudinal analysis; adolescence; sitting-time; physical inactivity; sustainability longitudinal analysis; adolescence; sitting-time; physical inactivity; sustainability
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Štefan, L.; Mišigoj-Duraković, M.; Devrnja, A.; Podnar, H.; Petrić, V.; Sorić, M. Tracking of Physical Activity, Sport Participation, and Sedentary Behaviors over Four Years of High School. Sustainability 2018, 10, 3104.

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