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Sustainability 2018, 10(8), 2951; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10082951

Geometrical and Functional Criteria as a Methodological Approach to Implement a New Cycle Path in an Existing Urban Road Network: A Case Study in Rome

Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00184, Italy
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Received: 4 July 2018 / Revised: 9 August 2018 / Accepted: 16 August 2018 / Published: 20 August 2018
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Abstract

Most road accidents occur in urban areas and notably at urban intersections, where cyclists and motorcyclists are the most vulnerable. In the last few years, cycling mobility has been growing; therefore, bike infrastructures should be designed to encourage this type of mobility and reduce motorized and/or private transport. The paper presents a study to implement a new cycle path in the existing cycle and road network in Rome, Italy. The geometric design of the new path complies with Italian standards regarding the technical characteristics of bicycle paths, while the Highway Capacity Manual has been considered for the traffic analysis. In particular, a before-after approach has been adopted to examine and compare the traffic flow at more complex and congested intersections where the cycle path will pass. Trams, buses, cars, bikes and pedestrians were the traffic components considered in each analysis. The software package PTV VISSIM 8 allowed the simulations of traffic flows at traffic-light intersections; an original linear process has been proposed to model dynamic intelligent traffic controls, which are not admitted by the software used. The traffic analysis allowed the identification of the best option for each of the five examined intersections. Particularly, the maximum queue length value and the total number of passed vehicles have been considered in order to optimize the transport planning process. The results of this study highlight the importance of providing engineered solutions when a cycle path is implemented in a complex road network, in order to avoid negative impacts on the citizens and maximize the expected advantages. View Full-Text
Keywords: cycle path; VISSIM; simulation; urban mobility; urban intersections; microscopic traffic simulator cycle path; VISSIM; simulation; urban mobility; urban intersections; microscopic traffic simulator
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Di Mascio, P.; Fusco, G.; Grappasonni, G.; Moretti, L.; Ragnoli, A. Geometrical and Functional Criteria as a Methodological Approach to Implement a New Cycle Path in an Existing Urban Road Network: A Case Study in Rome. Sustainability 2018, 10, 2951.

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