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Sustainability 2018, 10(5), 1612; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051612

Policies and Predictions for a Low-Carbon Transition by 2050 in Passenger Vehicles in East Asia: Based on an Analysis Using the E3ME-FTT Model

1
Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Macao, E21, Taipa, Macau, China
2
Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge, 19 Silver Street, Cambridge CB31EP, UK
3
Faculty of Economics, Meijo University, 501 Shiogamaguchi, Tenparku, Nagoya 468-0073, Japan
4
Department of Environmental Science, Radbound University, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
5
Department of International Modelling, Cambridge Econometrics, Covent Garden, Cambridge CB12HT, UK
6
Department of Food and Resource Economics, Korea University, Korea Center for Green Economy, Anamdong, Seoul 02841, Korea
7
Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research, Taipei 1106, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 February 2018 / Revised: 12 May 2018 / Accepted: 13 May 2018 / Published: 17 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
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Abstract

In this paper we apply a model of technological diffusion, Future Technology Transformations in the Transport Sector (FTT: Transport), linked to the E3ME macroeconomic model, to study possible future technological transitions in personal passenger transport in four East Asian countries. We assess how targeted policies could impact on these transitions by defining four scenarios based on policies that aim to reduce emissions from transport. For each country we find that an integrated approach of tax incentives, subsidies, regulations (fuel economy efficiency), kick-start programs and biofuel programs yield the most significant emission reductions because, when combined, they accelerate effectively the diffusion of electric vehicles in the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: CO2 emission reduction; transport sectors; FTT: Transport model; E3ME; East Asian countries; transportation policies; the diffusion of electric vehicle CO2 emission reduction; transport sectors; FTT: Transport model; E3ME; East Asian countries; transportation policies; the diffusion of electric vehicle
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Lam, A.; Lee, S.; Mercure, J.-F.; Cho, Y.; Lin, C.-H.; Pollitt, H.; Chewpreecha, U.; Billington, S. Policies and Predictions for a Low-Carbon Transition by 2050 in Passenger Vehicles in East Asia: Based on an Analysis Using the E3ME-FTT Model. Sustainability 2018, 10, 1612.

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