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Sustainability 2018, 10(3), 591; https://doi.org/10.3390/su10030591

Analyzing on-Street Parking Duration and Demand in a Metropolitan City of a Developing Country: A Case Study of Yogyakarta City, Indonesia

1
Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Interdisciplinary Program in Landscape Architecture, and Environmental Planning Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2017 / Revised: 18 February 2018 / Accepted: 22 February 2018 / Published: 26 February 2018
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Abstract

On-street parking is an urgent issue to address in a fast-growing city of a developing country, such as Yogyakarta City in Indonesia. However, this issue has not been satisfactorily studied due to a lack of relevant parking data. Using a sample of 21 street segments that are currently used for on-street parking in the central district of the city, this study analyzes how the parking duration and demand are differentiated by street and land use characteristics. The characteristics are evaluated through a field survey, which is supplemented by remote sensing and GIS. Specifically, QuickBird imagery is used to roughly examine the length and angle of the street segments and GIS data to calculate parking capacity and demand as well as to confirm the street length and angle. Regression models find that the parking duration is affected by the street length, parking volume, and commercial type of land use, while the street length also differentiates the parking demand. Although the model for the parking demand has only one significant variable—street length—its variation is better accounted for by the same set of variables than the variation in the parking duration. Regarding the street length, it is found to be the only significant variable in the demand model, but it becomes the weakest among those significant in the duration model, where the land use type has the highest magnitude. View Full-Text
Keywords: on-street parking; parking duration; parking demand; mobile mapping; multiple linear regression; Yogyakarta on-street parking; parking duration; parking demand; mobile mapping; multiple linear regression; Yogyakarta
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Ajeng, C.; Gim, T.-H.T. Analyzing on-Street Parking Duration and Demand in a Metropolitan City of a Developing Country: A Case Study of Yogyakarta City, Indonesia. Sustainability 2018, 10, 591.

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