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Opportunity and Problem in Context (OPiC): A Framework for Environmental Management
United Nations Children’s Fund, Supply Division, Copenhagen, Denmark
Institute of Environmental Sciences, Leiden University and Faculty of Science, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 November 2008; Accepted: 4 March 2009 / Published: 18 March 2009
Abstract: Most frameworks used in the management of environmental problems focus on problem analysis and pay little or no attention to the explanation of the problem and the opportunities for solving it. The Opportunity and Problem in Context (OPiC) framework aims to be fully balanced in this respect. On a broad theoretical footing, the framework can give structure and interconnection to (i) the analysis and explanation of environmental problems by making use of parallel effect chains and norm chains, the functions and values of the environment, a breakdown of human action through lifecycle principles and explanation through fields of causally related actors, (ii) the identification of opportunities for solutions based on the problem analysis, on system concepts and on creativity enhancement, and (iii) the synthesis of this in the process of design and evaluation of solutions. The OPiC framework has been developed with a special view to developing countries but its applicability is not greatly dependent on scale and context.
Keywords: OPiC; environmental management; framework; DPSIR; environmental problem analysis; environmental problem explanation; actors; policy design; equity
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Tsetse, D.; De Groot, W.T. Opportunity and Problem in Context (OPiC): A Framework for Environmental Management. Sustainability 2009, 1, 19-34.
Tsetse D, De Groot WT. Opportunity and Problem in Context (OPiC): A Framework for Environmental Management. Sustainability. 2009; 1(1):19-34.
Tsetse, David; De Groot, Wouter T. 2009. "Opportunity and Problem in Context (OPiC): A Framework for Environmental Management." Sustainability 1, no. 1: 19-34.