Next Article in Journal
The Role of Respiration in Estimation of Net Carbon Cycle: Coupling Soil Carbon Dynamics and Canopy Turnover in a Novel Version of 3D-CMCC Forest Ecosystem Model
Previous Article in Journal
Potential and Limits of Retrieving Conifer Leaf Area Index Using Smartphone-Based Method
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Forests 2017, 8(6), 216; doi:10.3390/f8060216

Secondary Forest and Shrubland Dynamics in a Highly Transformed Landscape in the Northern Andes of Colombia (1985–2015)

1
Departamento de Ecología y Territorio, Facultad de Estudios Ambientales y Rurales, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Tr 4 Nr 42-00, piso 8, Bogotá D.C. 110231, Colombia
2
Programa de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Matemáticas, Universidad del Rosario, Cr. 24 No 63C-69, Bogotá D.C. 111221, Colombia
3
Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, Avenida Circunvalar No. 16-20, Bogotá D.C. 110321, Colombia
4
Fundación Cedrela, Diagonal 40A #18A-9, Bogotá D.C. 111311, Colombia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Francis E. “Jack” Putz and Timothy A. Martin
Received: 10 May 2017 / Accepted: 4 June 2017 / Published: 20 June 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3241 KB, uploaded 20 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Understanding the dynamics of natural ecosystems in highly transformed landscapes is key to the design of regional development plans that are more sustainable and otherwise enhance conservation initiatives. We analyzed secondary forest and shrubland dynamics over 30 years (1985–2015) in a densely populated area of the Colombian Andes using satellite and biophysical data. We performed a land-cover change analysis, assessed landscape fragmentation, and applied regression models to evaluate the effects of environmental and geographical correlates with the observed forest transitions. Forest cover area increased during the 30 year-span, due mostly to forest regrowth in areas marginal for agriculture, especially during the first half of the study period. However, a high dynamic of both forest regrowth and clearing near urban centers and roads was observed. Soil fertility turned out to be a key correlate of both forest recovery and deforestation. Secondary forests, <30 years old represent the most fragmented component. Our findings reflect the complexity of the processes occurring in highly transformed and densely populated regions. Overall, this study provides elements for a better understanding of the factors driving land cover change near large urban areas, and raises new iideas for further research. View Full-Text
Keywords: secondary forests; landscape fragmentation; land cover change; remote sensing; Colombia; Andes secondary forests; landscape fragmentation; land cover change; remote sensing; Colombia; Andes
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Rubiano, K.; Clerici, N.; Norden, N.; Etter, A. Secondary Forest and Shrubland Dynamics in a Highly Transformed Landscape in the Northern Andes of Colombia (1985–2015). Forests 2017, 8, 216.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top