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Forests 2016, 7(9), 193; doi:10.3390/f7090193

Smallholder Forestry in the Western Amazon: Outcomes from Forest Reforms and Emerging Policy Perspectives

1
Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Bogor Barat 16115, Indonesia
2
Independent, Calle Luis Calisto N49-21, Quito, EC170104, Ecuador
3
Independent, Rua Jose Kairala 113, Brasileia, Acre, CP69932000, Brazil
4
Center for Integrated Area Studies, Kyoto University, 46 Chimoadachichou Sakyoku, Kyoto 6068501, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Timothy A. Martin
Received: 20 May 2016 / Revised: 23 August 2016 / Accepted: 25 August 2016 / Published: 31 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Incentives and Constraints of Community and Smallholder Forestry)
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Abstract

The forest reforms unfolding during the last two decades in the western Amazon have embraced policy regimes founded on the principles of sustainable forest management. The policy frameworks adopted for smallholder forestry aimed to clarify forest rights including those of the indigenous people and smallholders, support the adoption of sustainable forest management and put a system in place to assure a legal timber supply. The emerging forest policy regimes have significantly shaped who has access to the forest, how the forest resources are used and the benefits that are utilized. We argue that forest reforms have not addressed some critical constraints facing smallholders in managing their forests either individually or collectively. Informal timber extraction persists with contradictory effects on smallholders and forests. Local participants continue to make a significant contribution in meeting a growing demand for timber through vigorous market networks that combine legal and illegal sources of timber supply. Some recent changes to forest policy frameworks emphasize approaches towards additional integrated forest management, simplification of regulations and incentives for improved forest management. We critically reflect on the scope, implementation and expected outcomes of these policy frameworks. View Full-Text
Keywords: Amazon; forest management; forest policy; forest governance; smallholders; Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru Amazon; forest management; forest policy; forest governance; smallholders; Bolivia; Ecuador; Peru
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pacheco, P.; Mejía, E.; Cano, W.; de Jong, W. Smallholder Forestry in the Western Amazon: Outcomes from Forest Reforms and Emerging Policy Perspectives. Forests 2016, 7, 193.

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