C Stocks in Forest Floor and Mineral Soil of Two Mediterranean Beech Forests
AbstractThis study focuses on two Mediterranean beech forests located in northern and southern Italy and therefore subjected to different environmental conditions. The research goal was to understand C storage in the forest floor and mineral soil and the major determinants. Relative to the northern forest (NF), the southern forest (SF) was found to produce higher amounts of litterfall (4.3 vs. 2.5 Mg·ha−1) and to store less C in the forest floor (~8 vs. ~12 Mg·ha−1) but more C in the mineral soil (~148 vs. ~72 Mg·ha−1). Newly-shed litter of NF had lower P (0.4 vs. 0.6 mg·g−1) but higher N concentration (13 vs. 10 mg·g−1) than SF. Despite its lower Mn concentration (0.06 vs. 0.18 mg·g−1), SF litter produces a Mn-richer humus (0.32 vs. 0.16 mg·g−1) that is less stable. The data suggest that decomposition in the NF forest floor is limited by the shorter growing season (178 days vs. 238 days) and the higher N concentrations in newly shed litter and forest floor. Differences in C stock in the mineral soil reflect differences in ecosystem productivity and long-term organic-matter accumulation. The vertical gradient of soluble and microbial fractions in the soil profile of SF was consistent with a faster turnover of organic matter in the forest floor and greater C accumulation in mineral soil relative to NF. With reference to regional-scale estimates from Italian National Forest Inventory data, the C stock in the mineral soil and the basal area of Italian beech forests were found to be significantly related, whereas C stock in the forest floor and C stock in the mineral soil were not. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (PDF, 930 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
De Marco, A.; Fioretto, A.; Giordano, M.; Innangi, M.; Menta, C.; Papa, S.; Virzo De Santo, A. C Stocks in Forest Floor and Mineral Soil of Two Mediterranean Beech Forests. Forests 2016, 7, 181.
De Marco A, Fioretto A, Giordano M, Innangi M, Menta C, Papa S, Virzo De Santo A. C Stocks in Forest Floor and Mineral Soil of Two Mediterranean Beech Forests. Forests. 2016; 7(8):181.Chicago/Turabian Style
De Marco, Anna; Fioretto, Antonietta; Giordano, Maria; Innangi, Michele; Menta, Cristina; Papa, Stefania; Virzo De Santo, Amalia. 2016. "C Stocks in Forest Floor and Mineral Soil of Two Mediterranean Beech Forests." Forests 7, no. 8: 181.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.