Sub-Soiling and Genotype Selection Improves Populus Productivity Grown on a North Carolina Sandy Soil
AbstractThis study reports the stem volume of 10 Populus genotypes in a randomized split-plot design with different tillage treatments (disking versus sub-soiling) after two years of growth. Height, diameter at breast height (DBH), stem aboveground volume index, survival, Melampsora rust resistance, leaf area index (LAI), chlorophyll content, and foliar nitrogen concentration (Foliar N) were measured to identify how tillage treatments might alter poplar growth. Stem volume index and LAI were positively correlated and differed significantly among tillage treatments, taxa, and genotypes. Melampsora rust resistance was also positively correlated with volume index, but significant differences were only detected among taxa and genotypes. Foliar N and chlorophyll did not correlate to stem volume for genotypes or tillage treatments. Overall, sub-soiling yielded 37% more estimated volume compared to disking. Within the sub-soiled treatments, four genotypes (140, 176, 185, and 356) had high survival (>80%) and produced substantial stem volume (>32 dm3·tree−1). These findings show that tillage practices do impact poplar stem volumes after two years and that sub-soiling improves productivity for poplar short rotation woody crops on loamy fine-sandy soils. View Full-Text
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Shifflett, S.D.; Hazel, D.W.; Guthrie Nichols, E. Sub-Soiling and Genotype Selection Improves Populus Productivity Grown on a North Carolina Sandy Soil. Forests 2016, 7, 74.
Shifflett SD, Hazel DW, Guthrie Nichols E. Sub-Soiling and Genotype Selection Improves Populus Productivity Grown on a North Carolina Sandy Soil. Forests. 2016; 7(4):74.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shifflett, Shawn D.; Hazel, Dennis W.; Guthrie Nichols, Elizabeth. 2016. "Sub-Soiling and Genotype Selection Improves Populus Productivity Grown on a North Carolina Sandy Soil." Forests 7, no. 4: 74.
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