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Forests 2016, 7(1), 2;

Responses of Clonal Eucalypt Plantations to N, P and K Fertilizer Application in Different Edaphoclimatic Conditions

Forestry Science and Research Institute (IPEF), Via Comendador Pedro Morgante, 3500, Piracicaba, CEP: 13.400-970, Brazil
Department of Forest Science, Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (ESALQ), Av. Padua Dias, 11, Piracicaba, CEP: 13.400-970, Brazil
4tree Agroflorestal, Tiradentes St., 435, Piracicaba, CEP.: 13.400-360, São Paulo, Brazil
Duratex, Rod. Marechal Rondon, S/N, Km 323, Agudos, CEP: 17.120-000, Brazil
Ramires Reflortec, Rd Br 262, S/N, Km 273, Ribas do Rio Pardo, CEP: 79180-000 Brazil
International Paper do Brasil, Rod. SP 340, Km 171, Mogi-Guaçu, CEP: 13844-502 Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Reynaldo Campos Santana
Received: 15 October 2015 / Revised: 7 December 2015 / Accepted: 15 December 2015 / Published: 22 December 2015
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Eucalypt plantations in Brazil have the highest mean productivity when compared to other producing countries, and fertilizer application is one of the main factors responsible for these productivities. Our aim was to identify appropriate rates of N, P and K in eucalypt plantations and their interactions with edaphoclimatic factors. Four trials with four rates and three nutrients (N, P and K) were set up. Each nutrient was studied separately, and the trees received sufficient rates of all of the other nutrients through fertilization, to avoid limitations not related to the desired nutrient. We assessed solid wood volume (SV), productivity gains (PG), leaf nutrient content and leaf area index (LAI) to determine the responses to fertilization. PG, regarding N, rates ranged from 104% to 127% at 60 months after planting. P fertilizer application led to gains in productivity in soils with levels of P-resin up to 5 mg·kg−1, but decreased with stand age. K fertilizer application responses increased within age in three sites. In Paulistania, responses to K application were close to zero. N and K responses were climate related. Leaf nutrient content and LAI were not able to predict the highest yields obtained. View Full-Text
Keywords: silviculture; eucalyptus; fertilizer application; nitrogen; phosphorus; potassium silviculture; eucalyptus; fertilizer application; nitrogen; phosphorus; potassium

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Melo, E.A.S.C.; Gonçalves, J.L.M.; Rocha, J.H.T.; Hakamada, R.E.; Bazani, J.H.; Wenzel, A.V.A.; Arthur, J.C., Jr.; Borges, J.S.; Malheiros, R.; Lemos, C.C.Z.; Ferreira, E.V.O.; Ferraz, A.V. Responses of Clonal Eucalypt Plantations to N, P and K Fertilizer Application in Different Edaphoclimatic Conditions. Forests 2016, 7, 2.

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