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Forests 2015, 6(9), 3087-3108; doi:10.3390/f6093087

Considering the Practical Rationality of Experimental Operation in Developing Countries: Reality and Challenges under a Rigid Community Forestry System in Cambodia

1
Division of Southeast Asian Studies, Graduate School of Asian and African Studies, Kyoto University, 46 Shimoadachi-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan
2
Department of Forest Management, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 1, Matsunosato, Tsukuba, Ibaragi 305-8687, Japan
3
Institute of Forest and Wildlife Research and Development, Forestry Administration, Street 1019, Phum Rongchak, Sankat Phnom Penh Thmei, Khan Sen Sok, Phnom Penh 12101, Cambodia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: kurashima @asafas.kyoto-u.ac.jp; Tel.: +81-29-829-8313; Fax: +81-29-873-3720.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Eric J. Jokela and Brian J. Palik
Received: 20 April 2015 / Revised: 25 August 2015 / Accepted: 29 August 2015 / Published: 7 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1506 KB, uploaded 7 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Influential stakeholders have highlighted many constraints inherent in conventional scientific forest management plans for community forestry (CF) and presented simpler alternatives. Nevertheless, some developing countries continue to use rigid, complex and high-cost plans and regulations. This article considers two issues: (1) why heavily-regulated or rigid CF systems were originally introduced and why they continue to be used in developing countries despite critiques and counterproposals; and (2) under what circumstances will such CF systems face an impasse, and what can be done to resolve the situation. Using Cambodia as a case study, we examine the development of a rigid CF system, review negative factors influencing the upland forested area, clarify the unfavorable situations arising from these factors and discuss likely problems associated with the CF management system. International organizations played a key role in the introduction and maintenance of rigid, complex and high-cost CF systems in Cambodia. Conflicts and crises arise when the administration prosecutes local farmers for illegal cultivation or deprives communities of CF management rights because of the expansion of commercial crop cultivation and the lack of adequate community management in response to unprecedented changes. A likely practical solution to the probable impasse is the development and funding of a functional network of CF management committees, rather than the adoption of an entirely new, alternative system. View Full-Text
Keywords: community forestry; scientific forest management; upland use; commercial crop expansion; organizational network; Cambodia community forestry; scientific forest management; upland use; commercial crop expansion; organizational network; Cambodia
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kurashima, T.; Matsuura, T.; Miyamoto, A.; Sano, M.; Chann, S. Considering the Practical Rationality of Experimental Operation in Developing Countries: Reality and Challenges under a Rigid Community Forestry System in Cambodia. Forests 2015, 6, 3087-3108.

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