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Forests 2015, 6(7), 2405-2423; doi:10.3390/f6072405

Adapting Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) to Local Contexts in REDD+: Lessons from Three Experiments in Vietnam

1
Center for International Forestry Research, 17A Nguyen Khang Street, Cau Giay District, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
2
Institute of Research for Development (IRD), Le Sextant, bd de Dunkerque, CS 90009, Marseille 13572, France
3
Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 10, DK-1350 Copenhagen, Denmark
4
Center for International Forestry Research, Headquarters, Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Bogor 16115, Indonesia
5
The Center for People and Forests, Floor 3, A5B Building, Giang Vo 2, Tran Huy Lieu Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
6
The Centre of Research and Development in Upland Areas, Room 801, Cau Giay Agriculture Bank Block, Lane 106, Alley 106/10, Hoang Quoc Viet Street, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
7
Center for Agricultural Research and Ecological Studies, Hanoi University of Agriculture, Trau Quy, Gia Lam District, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eric J. Jokela
Received: 13 March 2015 / Revised: 26 June 2015 / Accepted: 3 July 2015 / Published: 15 July 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [397 KB, uploaded 16 July 2015]

Abstract

Free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC) is a means of ensuring that people’s rights are respected when reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, and enhancing forest carbon stocks (REDD+) projects are established in developing countries. This paper examines how FPIC has been applied in three projects in Vietnam and highlights two key lessons learnt. First, as human rights and democracy are seen as politically sensitive issues in Vietnam, FPIC is likely to be more accepted by the government if it is built upon the national legal framework on citizen rights. Applying FPIC in this context can ensure that both government and citizen’s interests are achieved within the permitted political space. Second, FPIC activities should be seen as a learning process and designed based on local needs and preferences, with accountability of facilitators, two-way and multiple communication strategies, flexibility, and collective action in mind. View Full-Text
Keywords: citizen rights; participation; empowerment; FPIC; Vietnam citizen rights; participation; empowerment; FPIC; Vietnam
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pham, T.T.; Castella, J.-C.; Lestrelin, G.; Mertz, O.; Le, D.N.; Moeliono, M.; Nguyen, T.Q.; Vu, H.T.; Nguyen, T.D. Adapting Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) to Local Contexts in REDD+: Lessons from Three Experiments in Vietnam. Forests 2015, 6, 2405-2423.

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