Ecological Conservation, Ecotourism, and Sustainable Management: The Case of Penang National Park
AbstractPenang National Park (PNP), as Malaysia’s smallest national park, is one of the few naturally forested areas left on Penang Island, in Peninsular Malaysia. The main objective was to analyse users’ preferences and willingness to pay to enhance improved management of PNP for the dual aim of conservation and recreation. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to analyse the formation of attitudes towards different aspects of PNP. Results showed that implementing enforcements with rules and regulations and imposing permits and charges on certain activities were the most influential variables of PNPs’ perceptions. The results of a random parameter logit model (RPL) demonstrated that visitors placed the highest value on having adequate information about PNP, and the second-highest value on improvements in the park’s ecological management. The welfare measure for improvement in management of PNP against status quo is estimated at about MYR 9. Results also showed that demand for better conservation and management of PNP is relatively price-inelastic. Simulations of the results showed, under a MYR10 admission fee, that improvement in management would have 96% of market share compared with status quo. This study concluded that visitor entrance fees can and ought to be introduced as a means of financing conservation initiatives and possibly preventing congestion. View Full-Text
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Kaffashi, S.; Radam, A.; Shamsudin, M.N.; Yacob, M.R.; Nordin, N.H. Ecological Conservation, Ecotourism, and Sustainable Management: The Case of Penang National Park. Forests 2015, 6, 2345-2370.
Kaffashi S, Radam A, Shamsudin MN, Yacob MR, Nordin NH. Ecological Conservation, Ecotourism, and Sustainable Management: The Case of Penang National Park. Forests. 2015; 6(7):2345-2370.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kaffashi, Sara; Radam, Alias; Shamsudin, Mad N.; Yacob, Mohd R.; Nordin, Nor H. 2015. "Ecological Conservation, Ecotourism, and Sustainable Management: The Case of Penang National Park." Forests 6, no. 7: 2345-2370.