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Forests 2015, 6(5), 1516-1536; doi:10.3390/f6051516

Multi-level Governance of Land Use Changes in the Brazilian Amazon: Lessons from Paragominas, State of Pará

1
Research Unit GREEN (Gestion des Ressources Naturelles et Environnement), CIRAD, Campus International de Baillarguet, Montpellier 34398, France
2
Joint Research Unit SELMET (Systèmes d'élevage méditerranéens et tropicaux), CIRAD-Napt Embrapa Belem Brasilia, Rodovia PA 256 km 6, Bairro Nova Conquista, Paragominas PA 68627-451, Brazil
3
Nexus Socioambiental Ltda., CX postal 233 Ibiuna, São Paulo 18150-970, Brazil
4
Joint Research Unit ESO (Space and Society), University of Maine, Avenue Olivier Messiaen, Le Mans Cedex 72085, France
5
Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi (MPEG), avenida Perimetral1901,Terra Firme, Belem, PA 66077-530, Brazil
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pablo Pacheco
Received: 19 March 2015 / Revised: 19 April 2015 / Accepted: 22 April 2015 / Published: 30 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Governing Forest Landscapes: Challenges and Ways Forward)
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Abstract

Land use governance in the Brazilian Amazon has undergone significant changes in the last decade. At the national level, law enforcement capacity has increased and downstream industries linked to commodity chains responsible for deforestation have begun to monitor some of their suppliers’ impacts on forests. At the municipal level, local actors have launched a Green Municipality initiative, aimed at eliminating deforestation and supporting green supply chains at the territorial level. In this paper, we analyze the land use transition since 2001 in Paragominas—the first Green Municipality—and discuss the limits of the governance arrangements underpinning these changes. Our work draws on a spatially explicit analysis of biophysical variables and qualitative information collected in interviews with key private and public stakeholders of the main commodity chains operating in the region. We argue that, up to now, the emerging multi-level scheme of land governance has not succeeded in promoting large-scale land use intensification, reforestation and rehabilitation of degraded lands. Moreover, private governance mechanisms based on improved product standards, fail to benefit from potential successful partnerships between the public and private sector at the territorial level. We propose a governance approach that adopts a broader territorial focus as a way forward. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use governance; degraded pasture; rainforest conservation; land use transition; Brazilian Amazon land use governance; degraded pasture; rainforest conservation; land use transition; Brazilian Amazon
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Piketty, M.-G.; Poccard-Chapuis, R.; Drigo, I.; Coudel, E.; Plassin, S.; Laurent, F.; Thâles, M. Multi-level Governance of Land Use Changes in the Brazilian Amazon: Lessons from Paragominas, State of Pará. Forests 2015, 6, 1516-1536.

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