Next Article in Journal
Large Area Mapping of Boreal Growing Stock Volume on an Annual and Multi-Temporal Level Using PALSAR L-Band Backscatter Mosaics
Next Article in Special Issue
Enrichment of Logging Gaps with a High Conservation Value Species (Pericopsis elata) in a Central African Moist Forest
Previous Article in Journal
Biomass and Carbon Stocks of Sofala Bay Mangrove Forests
Forests 2014, 5(8), 1982-1998; doi:10.3390/f5081982

Minimizing Risks of Invasive Alien Plant Species in Tropical Production Forest Management

1,2,*  and 1
1 Center for Integrative Conservation, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Menglun, Mengla, Yunnan 666303, China 2 Center for International Forestry Research, JL. CIFOR Situgede, Sindangbarang, Bogor 16115, Indonesia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 July 2014 / Revised: 31 July 2014 / Accepted: 4 August 2014 / Published: 15 August 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [215 KB, uploaded 15 August 2014]


Timber production is the most pervasive human impact on tropical forests, but studies of logging impacts have largely focused on timber species and vertebrates. This review focuses on the risk from invasive alien plant species, which has been frequently neglected in production forest management in the tropics. Our literature search resulted in 114 publications with relevant information, including books, book chapters, reports and papers. Examples of both invasions by aliens into tropical production forests and plantation forests as sources of invasions are presented. We discuss species traits and processes affecting spread and invasion, and silvicultural practices that favor invasions. We also highlight potential impacts of invasive plant species and discuss options for managing them in production forests. We suggest that future forestry practices need to reduce the risks of plant invasions by conducting surveillance for invasive species; minimizing canopy opening during harvesting; encouraging rapid canopy closure in plantations; minimizing the width of access roads; and ensuring that vehicles and other equipment are not transporting seeds of invasive species. Potential invasive species should not be planted within dispersal range of production forests. In invasive species management, forewarned is forearmed.
Keywords: alien species; invasions; risks; production forests; silviculture; management; tropics alien species; invasions; risks; production forests; silviculture; management; tropics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote |
MDPI and ACS Style

Padmanaba, M.; Corlett, R.T. Minimizing Risks of Invasive Alien Plant Species in Tropical Production Forest Management. Forests 2014, 5, 1982-1998.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert