Next Article in Journal
Correlating the Horizontal and Vertical Distribution of LiDAR Point Clouds with Components of Biomass in a Picea crassifolia Forest
Next Article in Special Issue
Governing and Delivering a Biome-Wide Restoration Initiative: The Case of Atlantic Forest Restoration Pact in Brazil
Previous Article in Journal
Estimation of the Timber Quality of Scots Pine with Terrestrial Laser Scanning
Previous Article in Special Issue
Challenges of Governing Second-Growth Forests: A Case Study from the Brazilian Amazonian State of Pará
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Forests 2014, 5(8), 1896-1909; doi:10.3390/f5081896

Re-Greening Ethiopia: History, Challenges and Lessons

1
Forestry Department, Farm Africa, Ethiopia office, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2
Center for International Forestry Research, Forests and Livelihoods Research, CIFOR Ethiopia Office, P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 February 2014 / Revised: 1 July 2014 / Accepted: 7 July 2014 / Published: 31 July 2014
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [189 KB, uploaded 31 July 2014]

Abstract

In Ethiopia, deforestation rates remain high and the gap between demand and domestic supply of forest products is expanding, even though government-initiated re-greening efforts began over a century ago. Today, over 3 million hectares (ha) of degraded forest land are under area exclosure; smallholder plantations cover 0.8 million ha; and state-owned industrial plantations stagnate at under 0.25 million ha. This review captures experiences related to re-greening practices in Ethiopia, specifically with regards to area exclosure and afforestation and reforestation, and distills lessons regarding processes, achievements and challenges. The findings show that farmers and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are the main players, and that the private sector has so far played only a small role. The role of the government was mixed: supportive in some cases and hindering in others. The challenges of state- and NGO-led re-greening practices are: inadequate involvement of communities; poorly defined rehabilitation objectives; lack of management plans; unclear responsibilities and benefit-sharing arrangements; and poor silvicultural practices. The lessons include: a more active role for non-state actors in re-greening initiatives; more attention to market signals; devolution of management responsibility; clear definition of responsibilities and benefit-sharing arrangements; and better tenure security, which are all major factors to success. View Full-Text
Keywords: area exclosure; community; NGOs; markets; plantations; smallholders; tenure area exclosure; community; NGOs; markets; plantations; smallholders; tenure
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Lemenih, M.; Kassa, H. Re-Greening Ethiopia: History, Challenges and Lessons. Forests 2014, 5, 1896-1909.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top