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Forests 2014, 5(12), 3352-3371; doi:10.3390/f5123352

Participatory Goal Programming in Forest Management: An Application Integrating Several Ecosystem Services

1
Sustainable Forest Management Research Institute, University of Valladolid-INIA, Palencia 34004, Spain
2
Forest Mycology and Trufficulture, Cesefor Foundation, 42005, Soria, Spain
3
Department of Forestry Economics and Management, Technical University of Madrid, Madrid 28040, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2014 / Revised: 16 December 2014 / Accepted: 16 December 2014 / Published: 22 December 2014
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Abstract

In this study, we propose a procedure for integrating several ecosystem services into forest management by using the well-known multi-criteria approach called goal programming. It shows how interactions with various stakeholders are essential in order to choose the goal programming model applied, as well as some of its basic components (variant, targets, preferential weights, etc.). This methodology has been applied to a real forest management case where five criteria have been selected: timber production, wild edible mushroom production, carbon sequestration, net present value of the underlying investment, and a criterion associated with the sustainability of forest management defined by the idea of a normal forest. Given the characteristics of some of these criteria, such as mushroom production, the model has been developed in two scenarios: one deterministic and another with a Monte Carlo analysis. The results show a considerable degree of conflict between the proposed criteria. By applying several goal programming models, different Paretian efficient solutions were obtained. In addition, some results in Monte Carlo analysis for several criteria show notable variations. This fact is especially notable for the mushroom production criterion. Finally, the proposed approach seems attractive and can be directly applied to other forest management situations. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-criteria decision-making; goal programming; stakeholders; forest management; edible wild mushrooms multi-criteria decision-making; goal programming; stakeholders; forest management; edible wild mushrooms
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Aldea, J.; Martínez-Peña, F.; Romero, C.; Diaz-Balteiro, L. Participatory Goal Programming in Forest Management: An Application Integrating Several Ecosystem Services. Forests 2014, 5, 3352-3371.

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