Forests 2013, 4(4), 1121-1140; doi:10.3390/f4041121
Article

Use of Forest Residues for Building Forest Biomass Supply Chains: Technical and Economic Analysis of the Production Process

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Received: 5 September 2013; in revised form: 12 November 2013 / Accepted: 3 December 2013 / Published: 11 December 2013
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Abstract: In the field of biomass and bio-energy production, an analysis was performed of the whole production process from biomass supply to bio-energy production. The available biomass, harvesting and transportation costs and the distribution of supply area were quantified. The assessment of volumes was based on forest type and its relative increment. The transportation costs, influenced by different species-specific and site-specific factors, were calculated by integrating data in a geographic information system (GIS). The economic values calculated were the main economic indicators (net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR) and Payback Period). The results show that: (a) there is a good supply of forest biomass across most of the territory of Basilicata region, Italy; (b) the harvesting and transportation costs are dependent on biomass density and distances; (c) there are strong margins for economic profits at the level of each single supply basin; and (d) the endogenous value added was estimated to about 150 seasonal workers.
Keywords: biomass; forest energy chain; geographic information systems; cost-effective use of biomass
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cozzi, M.; Di Napoli, F.; Viccaro, M.; Romano, S. Use of Forest Residues for Building Forest Biomass Supply Chains: Technical and Economic Analysis of the Production Process. Forests 2013, 4, 1121-1140.

AMA Style

Cozzi M, Di Napoli F, Viccaro M, Romano S. Use of Forest Residues for Building Forest Biomass Supply Chains: Technical and Economic Analysis of the Production Process. Forests. 2013; 4(4):1121-1140.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cozzi, Mario; Di Napoli, Francesco; Viccaro, Mauro; Romano, Severino. 2013. "Use of Forest Residues for Building Forest Biomass Supply Chains: Technical and Economic Analysis of the Production Process." Forests 4, no. 4: 1121-1140.


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