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Forests 2012, 3(4), 1086-1103; doi:10.3390/f3041086
Article

Effects of Initial Stand Density and Climate on Red Pine Productivity within Huron National Forest, Michigan, USA

1
, 1,* , 1
 and 2
Received: 31 October 2012; in revised form: 30 November 2012 / Accepted: 11 December 2012 / Published: 17 December 2012
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Abstract: Changes in climate are predicted to significantly affect the productivity of trees in the Great Lakes region over the next century. Forest management decisions, such as initial stand density, can promote climatic resiliency and moderate decreased productivity through the reduction of tree competition. The influences of climate (temperature and precipitation) and forest management (initial stand density) on the productivity of red pine (Pinus resinosa) across multiple sites within Huron National Forest, Michigan, were examined using dendrochronological methods. Two common planting regimes were compared in this analysis; low initial density (<988 trees per hectare) and high initial density (>1977 trees per hectare). Low initial density stands were found to have a higher climatic resilience by combining equal or greater measures of productivity, while having a reduced sensitivity to monthly and seasonal climate, particularly to summer drought.
Keywords: climatic resiliency; dendrochronology; initial stand density; Pinus resinosa; red pine; silviculture climatic resiliency; dendrochronology; initial stand density; Pinus resinosa; red pine; silviculture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Magruder, M.; Chhin, S.; Monks, A.; O'Brien, J. Effects of Initial Stand Density and Climate on Red Pine Productivity within Huron National Forest, Michigan, USA. Forests 2012, 3, 1086-1103.

AMA Style

Magruder M, Chhin S, Monks A, O'Brien J. Effects of Initial Stand Density and Climate on Red Pine Productivity within Huron National Forest, Michigan, USA. Forests. 2012; 3(4):1086-1103.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Magruder, Matthew; Chhin, Sophan; Monks, Andrew; O'Brien, Joseph. 2012. "Effects of Initial Stand Density and Climate on Red Pine Productivity within Huron National Forest, Michigan, USA." Forests 3, no. 4: 1086-1103.


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