Next Article in Journal
Potential Range Expansion of Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica Thunb.) in Southern U.S. Forestlands
Next Article in Special Issue
Greenhouse Gas Balance of Native Forests in New South Wales, Australia
Previous Article in Journal
The Sprouting Capacity of 8–21-Year-Old Poplars and Some Practical Implications
Previous Article in Special Issue
Ten Year Evaluation of Carbon Stock in Mangrove Plantation Reforested from an Abandoned Shrimp Pond
Forests 2012, 3(3), 546-572; doi:10.3390/f3030546
Article

The Scope for Reducing Emissions from Forestry and Agriculture in the Brazilian Amazon

*  and
Received: 2 April 2012; in revised form: 4 July 2012 / Accepted: 4 July 2012 / Published: 27 July 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Forests for Carbon Capture and Storage)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [411 KB, uploaded 27 July 2012]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Reducing emissions from agriculture, forestry, and other land uses is considered an essential ingredient of an effective strategy to mitigate global warming. Required changes in land use and forestry, however, often imply foregoing returns from locally more attractive resource use strategies. We assess and compare the prospects of mitigating climate change through emission reductions from forestry and agriculture in the Brazilian Amazon. We use official statistics, literature, and case study material from both old and new colonization frontiers to identify the scope for emission reductions, in terms of potential additionality, opportunity costs, technological complexity, transaction costs, and risks of economic and environmental spillover effects. Our findings point to a comparative advantage in the Brazilian Amazon of forest conservation-based over land-use modifying mitigation options, especially in terms of higher potential additionality in emission reductions. Low-cost mitigation options do exist also in use-modifying agriculture and forestry, but tend to be technologically complex thus requiring more costly intervention schemes. Our review points to a series of regional development deficits that may come to hamper attempts to tap into the large-scale climate change mitigation potential often associated with the Amazon. Low-hanging fruits for mitigation do exist, but must be carefully identified based on the performance indicators we discuss.
Keywords: climate change mitigation; technology adoption; opportunity costs; Latin America climate change mitigation; technology adoption; opportunity costs; Latin America
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Börner, J.; Wunder, S. The Scope for Reducing Emissions from Forestry and Agriculture in the Brazilian Amazon. Forests 2012, 3, 546-572.

AMA Style

Börner J, Wunder S. The Scope for Reducing Emissions from Forestry and Agriculture in the Brazilian Amazon. Forests. 2012; 3(3):546-572.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Börner, Jan; Wunder, Sven. 2012. "The Scope for Reducing Emissions from Forestry and Agriculture in the Brazilian Amazon." Forests 3, no. 3: 546-572.


Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert