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Materials 2016, 9(4), 281; doi:10.3390/ma9040281

Highly Conductive Carbon Fiber Reinforced Concrete for Icing Prevention and Curing

Civil Engineering Department, University of Alicante, Ctra. San Vicente s/n, San Vicente del Raspeig 03690, Spain
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jorge de Brito
Received: 18 November 2015 / Revised: 23 March 2016 / Accepted: 5 April 2016 / Published: 12 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Materials)
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Abstract

This paper aims to study the feasibility of highly conductive carbon fiber reinforced concrete (CFRC) as a self-heating material for ice formation prevention and curing in pavements. Tests were carried out in lab ambient conditions at different fixed voltages and then introduced in a freezer at −15 °C. The specimens inside the freezer were exposed to different fixed voltages when reaching +5 °C for prevention of icing and when reaching the temperature inside the freezer, i.e., −15 °C, for curing of icing. Results show that this concrete could act as a heating element in pavements with risk of ice formation, consuming a reasonable amount of energy for both anti-icing (prevention) and deicing (curing), which could turn into an environmentally friendly and cost-effective deicing method. View Full-Text
Keywords: conductive concrete; deicing; heating; carbon fibers; multifunctional composites conductive concrete; deicing; heating; carbon fibers; multifunctional composites
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Galao, O.; Bañón, L.; Baeza, F.J.; Carmona, J.; Garcés, P. Highly Conductive Carbon Fiber Reinforced Concrete for Icing Prevention and Curing. Materials 2016, 9, 281.

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