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Materials 2016, 9(4), 261; doi:10.3390/ma9040261

Preparation of Calcined Zirconia-Carbon Composite from Metal Organic Frameworks and Its Application to Adsorption of Crystal Violet and Salicylic Acid

1
Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul 143-747, Korea
2
Geologic Environment Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Minieral Resources, Daejeon 305-350, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rafael Luque
Received: 14 December 2015 / Revised: 21 March 2016 / Accepted: 25 March 2016 / Published: 31 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Porous Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6133 KB, uploaded 31 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Zirconia-carbon (ZC) composites were prepared via calcination of Zr-based metal organic frameworks, UiO-66 and amino-functionalized UiO-66, under N2 atmosphere. The prepared composites were characterized using a series of instrumental analyses. The surface area of the ZC composites increased with the increase of calcination temperature, with the formation of a graphite oxide phase observed at 900 °C. The composites were used for adsorptive removal of a dye (crystal violet, CV) and a pharmaceutical and personal care product (salicylic acid, SA). The increase of the calcination temperature resulted in enhanced adsorption capability of the composites toward CV. The composite calcined at 900 °C exhibited a maximum uptake of 243 mg·g−1, which was much greater than that by a commercial activated carbon. The composite was also effective in SA adsorption (102 mg·g−1), and N-functionalization of the composite further enhanced its adsorption capability (109 mg·g−1). CV adsorption was weakly influenced by solution pH, but was more dependent on the surface area and pore volume of the ZC composite. Meanwhile, SA adsorption showed strong pH dependence, which implies an active role of electrostatic interactions in the adsorption process. Base-base repulsion and hydrogen bonding are also suggested to influence the adsorption of CV and SA, especially for the N-functionalized composite. View Full-Text
Keywords: metal-organic frameworks; composites; adsorption; crystal violet; salicylic acid metal-organic frameworks; composites; adsorption; crystal violet; salicylic acid
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hasan, Z.; Cho, D.-W.; Nam, I.-H.; Chon, C.-M.; Song, H. Preparation of Calcined Zirconia-Carbon Composite from Metal Organic Frameworks and Its Application to Adsorption of Crystal Violet and Salicylic Acid. Materials 2016, 9, 261.

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