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Materials 2016, 9(3), 160; doi:10.3390/ma9030160

Preparation of a Microspherical Silver-Reduced Graphene Oxide-Bismuth Vanadate Composite and Evaluation of Its Photocatalytic Activity

1
Key Laboratory of Three Gorges Reservoir Region’s Eco-Environment, Ministry of Education, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
2
Chongqing Key Laboratory of Environmental Materials and Remediation Technology, Chongqing University of Arts and Sciences, Chongqing 400045, China
3
College of Environmental and Resources, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing 400067, China
4
Environmental monitoring station of Dadukou District, Chongqing 400084, China
5
National Centre for International Research of Low-carbon and Green Buildings, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400045, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Klara Hernadi
Received: 12 January 2016 / Revised: 24 February 2016 / Accepted: 25 February 2016 / Published: 4 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advancement of Photocatalytic Materials 2016)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2751 KB, uploaded 4 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

A novel Ag-reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-bismuth vanadate (BiVO4) (AgGB) ternary composite was successfully synthesized via a one-step method. The prepared composite was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area measurement, Raman scattering spectroscopy, and ultraviolet-visible diffuse-reflection spectroscopy (UV-vis DRS). The results showed that bulk monoclinic needle-like BiVO4 and Ag nanoparticles with a diameter of approximately 40 nm formed microspheres (diameter, 5–8 μm) with a uniform size distribution that could be loaded on rGO sheets to facilitate the transport of electrons photogenerated in BiVO4, thereby reducing the rate of recombination of photogenerated charge carriers in the coupled AgGB composite system. Ag nanoparticles were dispersed on the surface of the rGO sheets, which exhibited a localized surface plasmon resonance phenomenon and enhanced visible light absorption. The removal efficiency of rhodamine B dye by AgGB (80.2%) was much higher than that of pure BiVO4 (51.6%) and rGO-BiVO4 (58.3%) under visible light irradiation. Recycle experiments showed that the AgGB composite still presented significant photocatalytic activity after five successive cycles. Finally, we propose a possible pathway and mechanism for the photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B dye using the composite photocatalyst under visible light irradiation. View Full-Text
Keywords: photocatalyst; Ag-reduced graphene oxide-BiVO4; characterization; degradation photocatalyst; Ag-reduced graphene oxide-BiVO4; characterization; degradation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Du, M.; Xiong, S.; Wu, T.; Zhao, D.; Zhang, Q.; Fan, Z.; Zeng, Y.; Ji, F.; He, Q.; Xu, X. Preparation of a Microspherical Silver-Reduced Graphene Oxide-Bismuth Vanadate Composite and Evaluation of Its Photocatalytic Activity. Materials 2016, 9, 160.

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