Next Article in Journal
Experimental Study of Fire Hazards of Thermal-Insulation Material in Diesel Locomotive: Aluminum-Polyurethane
Next Article in Special Issue
1-D Compression Behaviour of Acid Sulphate Soils Treated with Alkali-Activated Slag
Previous Article in Journal
Polyamide Fiber Reinforced Shotcrete for Tunnel Application
Article Menu
Issue 3 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2016, 9(3), 158; doi:10.3390/ma9030158

Microstructural and Mechanical Properties of Alkali Activated Colombian Raw Materials

Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid (ICMM), CSIC, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz 3, Cantoblanco, Madrid 28049, Spain
School of Engineering, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Carrera 11 #101-80, Bogotá 49300, Columbia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Claudio Ferone
Received: 24 January 2016 / Revised: 22 February 2016 / Accepted: 25 February 2016 / Published: 5 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Geopolymers and Alkali-Activated Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3010 KB, uploaded 5 March 2016]   |  


Microstructural and mechanical properties of alkali activated binders based on blends of Colombian granulated blast furnace slag (GBFS) and fly ash (FA) were investigated. The synthesis of alkali activated binders was conducted at 85 °C for 24 h with different slag/fly ash ratios (100:0, 80:20, 60:40, 40:60, 20:80, and 0:100). Mineralogical and microstructural characterization was carried out by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX) and Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Mechanical properties were evaluated through the compressive strength, modulus of elasticity and Poisson’s ratio. The results show that two different reaction products were detected in the slag/fly ash mixtures, a calcium silicate hydrate with Al in its structure (C-A-S-H gel) and a sodium aluminosilicate hydrate (N-A-S-H gel) with higher number of polymerized species and low content in Ca. It was found that with the increase of the amount of added slag, the amount of C-A-S-H gel increased and the amount of N-A-S-H gel decreased. The matrix was more dense and compact with almost absence of pores. The predominance of slag affected positively the compressive strength, Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio, with 80% slag and 20% fly ash concrete being the best mechanical performance blend. View Full-Text
Keywords: alkaline activation; slag and fly ash; mineralogical and microstructural characterization; mechanical properties alkaline activation; slag and fly ash; mineralogical and microstructural characterization; mechanical properties

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Criado, M.; Aperador, W.; Sobrados, I. Microstructural and Mechanical Properties of Alkali Activated Colombian Raw Materials. Materials 2016, 9, 158.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top