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Materials 2016, 9(3), 124; doi:10.3390/ma9030124

Recent Progress in Fabrication and Applications of Superhydrophobic Coating on Cellulose-Based Substrates

National Engineering Laboratory for Modern Silk, College of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
Research Center of Cooperative Innovation for Functional Organic/Polymer Material Micro/Nanofabrication, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
Department of Chemistry, Petrochemical Research Chair, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chang-Hwan Choi
Received: 20 December 2015 / Revised: 25 January 2016 / Accepted: 29 January 2016 / Published: 25 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Superhydrophobicity of Materials)


Multifuntional fabrics with special wettability have attracted a lot of interest in both fundamental research and industry applications over the last two decades. In this review, recent progress of various kinds of approaches and strategies to construct super-antiwetting coating on cellulose-based substrates (fabrics and paper) has been discussed in detail. We focus on the significant applications related to artificial superhydrophobic fabrics with special wettability and controllable adhesion, e.g., oil-water separation, self-cleaning, asymmetric/anisotropic wetting for microfluidic manipulation, air/liquid directional gating, and micro-template for patterning. In addition to the anti-wetting properties and promising applications, particular attention is paid to coating durability and other incorporated functionalities, e.g., air permeability, UV-shielding, photocatalytic self-cleaning, self-healing and patterned antiwetting properties. Finally, the existing difficulties and future prospects of this traditional and developing field are briefly proposed and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: superhydrophobic cellulose-based materials; wettability; self-cleaning; oil-water separation; wetting pattern superhydrophobic cellulose-based materials; wettability; self-cleaning; oil-water separation; wetting pattern

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, H.; Gao, S.-W.; Cai, J.-S.; He, C.-L.; Mao, J.-J.; Zhu, T.-X.; Chen, Z.; Huang, J.-Y.; Meng, K.; Zhang, K.-Q.; Al-Deyab, S.S.; Lai, Y.-K. Recent Progress in Fabrication and Applications of Superhydrophobic Coating on Cellulose-Based Substrates. Materials 2016, 9, 124.

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