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Materials 2016, 9(1), 53; doi:10.3390/ma9010053

Bottom-Up Synthesis and Sensor Applications of Biomimetic Nanostructures

1
College of Chemistry, Jilin Normal University, Haifeng Street 1301, Siping 136000, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Renmin Street 5625, Changchun 130022, China
3
Key Laboratory of Magnetic Materials and Devices & Division of Functional Materials and Nanodevices, Ningbo Institute of Material Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy Sciences, Ningbo 315201, China
4
Faculty of Production Engineering, University of Bremen, Am Fallturm 1, D-28359 Bremen, Germany
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Erik Reimhult
Received: 25 November 2015 / Revised: 5 January 2016 / Accepted: 7 January 2016 / Published: 18 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4078 KB, uploaded 18 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

The combination of nanotechnology, biology, and bioengineering greatly improved the developments of nanomaterials with unique functions and properties. Biomolecules as the nanoscale building blocks play very important roles for the final formation of functional nanostructures. Many kinds of novel nanostructures have been created by using the bioinspired self-assembly and subsequent binding with various nanoparticles. In this review, we summarized the studies on the fabrications and sensor applications of biomimetic nanostructures. The strategies for creating different bottom-up nanostructures by using biomolecules like DNA, protein, peptide, and virus, as well as microorganisms like bacteria and plant leaf are introduced. In addition, the potential applications of the synthesized biomimetic nanostructures for colorimetry, fluorescence, surface plasmon resonance, surface-enhanced Raman scattering, electrical resistance, electrochemistry, and quartz crystal microbalance sensors are presented. This review will promote the understanding of relationships between biomolecules/microorganisms and functional nanomaterials in one way, and in another way it will guide the design and synthesis of biomimetic nanomaterials with unique properties in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomolecules; biomimetic; self-assembly; nanoparticles; nanostructures; sensor biomolecules; biomimetic; self-assembly; nanoparticles; nanostructures; sensor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, L.; Sun, Y.; Li, Z.; Wu, A.; Wei, G. Bottom-Up Synthesis and Sensor Applications of Biomimetic Nanostructures. Materials 2016, 9, 53.

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