Experimental Studies on the Flammability and Fire Hazards of Photovoltaic Modules
AbstractMany of the photovoltaic (PV) systems on buildings are of sufficiently high voltages, with potential to cause or promote fires. However, research about photovoltaic fires is insufficient. This paper focuses on the flammability and fire hazards of photovoltaic modules. Bench-scale experiments based on polycrystalline silicon PV modules have been conducted using a cone calorimeter. Several parameters including ignition time (tig), mass loss, heat release rate (HRR), carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration, were investigated. The fire behaviours, fire hazards and toxicity of gases released by PV modules are assessed based on experimental results. The results show that PV modules under tests are inflammable with the critical heat flux of 26 kW/m2. This work will lead to better understanding on photovoltaic fires and how to help authorities determine the appropriate fire safety provisions for controlling photovoltaic fires. View Full-Text
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Yang, H.-Y.; Zhou, X.-D.; Yang, L.-Z.; Zhang, T.-L. Experimental Studies on the Flammability and Fire Hazards of Photovoltaic Modules. Materials 2015, 8, 4210-4225.
Yang H-Y, Zhou X-D, Yang L-Z, Zhang T-L. Experimental Studies on the Flammability and Fire Hazards of Photovoltaic Modules. Materials. 2015; 8(7):4210-4225.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yang, Hong-Yun; Zhou, Xiao-Dong; Yang, Li-Zhong; Zhang, Tao-Lin. 2015. "Experimental Studies on the Flammability and Fire Hazards of Photovoltaic Modules." Materials 8, no. 7: 4210-4225.