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Materials 2015, 8(6), 3532-3549; doi:10.3390/ma8063532

The Use of Quaternary Ammonium to Combat Dental Caries

1
State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610000, China
2
Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610000, China
3
Biomaterials & Tissue Engineering Division, Department of Endodontics, Prosthodontics and Operative Dentistry, University of Maryland Dental School, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ihtesham ur Rehman
Received: 23 March 2015 / Revised: 14 May 2015 / Accepted: 27 May 2015 / Published: 17 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [465 KB, uploaded 17 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Resin composites and adhesives are increasingly popular in dental restorations, but secondary caries is one of the main reasons for restoration failure. Quaternary ammonium monomers (QAMs) have an anti-microbial effect and are widely used in many fields. Since the concept of the immobilized antibacterial effect was put forward, dental restorations containing QAMs have been studied to reduce secondary caries. Previous studies have been struggling to develop novel anti-caries materials which might have triple benefits: good mechanical properties, antibacterial effects and remineralization potentials. Different kinds of QAMs have been proven to be effective in inhibiting the growth and metabolism of biofilms. Combination of QAMs and other nanoparticles in resin composites and adhesives could enhance their anti-caries capability. Therefore, QAMs are promising to show significant impact on the future of restorative and preventive dentistry. View Full-Text
Keywords: quaternary ammonium monomer; dental caries; anti-biofilms; dental materials quaternary ammonium monomer; dental caries; anti-biofilms; dental materials
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ge, Y.; Wang, S.; Zhou, X.; Wang, H.; Xu, H.H.K.; Cheng, L. The Use of Quaternary Ammonium to Combat Dental Caries. Materials 2015, 8, 3532-3549.

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