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Materials 2015, 8(2), 535-550; doi:10.3390/ma8020535

A New Method Combining Finite Element Analysis and Digital Image Correlation to Assess Macroscopic Mechanical Properties of Dentin

1
MSSMat, UMR 8579 CNRS-Ecole Centrale Paris, Grande Voie des Vignes, 92295 Chatenay-Malabry Cedex, France
2
LMS, UMR 7649 CNRS-Ecole Polytechnique, 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France
3
SPMS, UMR 8580 CNRS-Ecole Centrale Paris, Grande Voie des Vignes,92295 Chatenay-Malabry Cedex, France
4
URB2i, EA4462 Université Paris Descartes, 1 rue M. Arnoux, 92120 Montrouge, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ihtesham ur Rehman
Received: 22 December 2014 / Revised: 19 January 2015 / Accepted: 27 January 2015 / Published: 6 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2446 KB, uploaded 6 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

A literature review points out a large discrepancy in the results of the mechanical tests on dentin that can be explained by stress and strain assessment during the tests. Errors in these assessments during mechanical tests can lead to inaccurate estimation of the mechanical properties of the tested material. On top of that, using the beam theory to analyze the bending test for thick specimens will increase these experimental errors. After summarizing the results of mechanical tests on dentin in the literature, we focus on bending tests and compare the stress assessment obtained by finite element analysis (FEA) and by beam theory application. We show that the difference between the two methods can be quite large in some cases, leading us to prefer the use of FEA to assess stresses. We then propose a new method based on coupling finite element analysis and digital image correlation (DIC) to more accurately evaluate stress distributions, strain distributions and elastic modulus in the case of a three-point bending test. To illustrate and prove the feasibility of the method, it is applied on a dentinal sample so that mean elastic modulus and maximum tensile stress are obtained (11.9 GPa and 143.9 MPa). Note that the main purpose of this study is to focus on the method itself, and not to provide new mechanical values for dentin. When used in standard mechanical testing of dentin, this kind of method should help to narrow the range of obtained mechanical properties values. View Full-Text
Keywords: dentin; three-point bending test; digital image correlation; finite element analysis; mechanical properties; stress and strain assessment dentin; three-point bending test; digital image correlation; finite element analysis; mechanical properties; stress and strain assessment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, W.; Roubier, N.; Puel, G.; Allain, J.-M.; Infante, I.C.; Attal, J.-P.; Vennat, E. A New Method Combining Finite Element Analysis and Digital Image Correlation to Assess Macroscopic Mechanical Properties of Dentin. Materials 2015, 8, 535-550.

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