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Materials 2015, 8(1), 72-95; doi:10.3390/ma8010072

Water-Assisted Production of Thermoplastic Nanocomposites: A Review

1
Department of Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp. 3., Budapest H-1111, Hungary
2
MTA-BME Research Group for Composite Science and Technology, Műegyetem rkp. 3., Budapest H-1111, Hungary
3
Department of Material Science, University of Patras, Patras GR-26504, Greece
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Walter Caseri
Received: 5 November 2014 / Accepted: 10 December 2014 / Published: 29 December 2014
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Abstract

Water-assisted, or more generally liquid-mediated, melt compounding of nanocomposites is basically a combination of solution-assisted and traditional melt mixing methods. It is an emerging technique to overcome several disadvantages of the above two. Water or aqueous liquids with additives, do not work merely as temporary carrier materials of suitable nanofillers. During batchwise and continuous compounding, these liquids are fully or partly evaporated. In the latter case, the residual liquid is working as a plasticizer. This processing technique contributes to a better dispersion of the nanofillers and affects markedly the morphology and properties of the resulting nanocomposites. A survey is given below on the present praxis and possible future developments of water-assisted melt mixing techniques for the production of thermoplastic nanocomposites. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocomposites; water-assisted melt compounding; clay; boehmite; commodity plastics; engineering thermoplastics; nanofillers; cellulose; thermoplastic starch nanocomposites; water-assisted melt compounding; clay; boehmite; commodity plastics; engineering thermoplastics; nanofillers; cellulose; thermoplastic starch
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Karger-Kocsis, J.; Kmetty, Á.; Lendvai, L.; Drakopoulos, S.X.; Bárány, T. Water-Assisted Production of Thermoplastic Nanocomposites: A Review. Materials 2015, 8, 72-95.

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