Abstract: A polycarboxylate superplasticizer (PCE) was synthesized in a non-solvent system with bulk polymerization and then was pulverized into powdered form to achieve a rapid transportation and convenient preparation. PCE synthesized by using isopentenyl polyethylene glycol (TPEG) or isobutenyl polyethylene glycol (IPEG) as a macromonomer exhibited the best fluidities and retaining properties at 80 °C and 75 °C, respectively. Besides, azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) was suitable as an initiator, and the fumaric acid was suitable as the third monomer. The test results of 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) confirmed the occurrences of polymerization, and the measurement results of molecular weight and distribution showed that PCE molecular weight characteristics were in accordance with their fluidity properties in cement paste. The application performances in cement showed that PCEs with the best paste fluidity retentions had the longest final setting time and the shortest setting time interval, and the PCEs with good fluidity properties can obviously delay the hydration process and lower the hydration heat. Accordingly, this is a novel, energy-saving and economical method to prepare powdered PCE in the field of concrete admixtures.
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Liu, X.; Wang, Z.; Zheng, Y.; Cui, S.; Lan, M.; Li, H.; Zhu, J.; Liang, X. Preparation, Characterization and Performances of Powdered Polycarboxylate Superplasticizer with Bulk Polymerization. Materials 2014, 7, 6169-6183.
Liu X, Wang Z, Zheng Y, Cui S, Lan M, Li H, Zhu J, Liang X. Preparation, Characterization and Performances of Powdered Polycarboxylate Superplasticizer with Bulk Polymerization. Materials. 2014; 7(9):6169-6183.
Liu, Xiao; Wang, Ziming; Zheng, Yunsheng; Cui, Suping; Lan, Mingzhang; Li, Huiqun; Zhu, Jie; Liang, Xu. 2014. "Preparation, Characterization and Performances of Powdered Polycarboxylate Superplasticizer with Bulk Polymerization." Materials 7, no. 9: 6169-6183.