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Materials 2014, 7(5), 3651-3662; doi:10.3390/ma7053651

The Relationship between Biofilm and Physical-Chemical Properties of Implant Abutment Materials for Successful Dental Implants

1
Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry at Araraquara, University Estadual Paulista-UNESP, 1680, Araraquara, São Paulo 14801-903, Brazil
2
Department of Diagnostic and Surgery, School of Dentistry at Araraquara, University Estadual Paulista-UNESP, Araraquara, São Paulo 14801-903, Brazil
3
Peninsula School of Medicine & Dentistry, Plymouth University, C402, Portland Square, Drake Circus, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 January 2014 / Revised: 13 March 2014 / Accepted: 16 April 2014 / Published: 7 May 2014
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Abstract

The aim of this review was to investigate the relationship between biofilm and peri-implant disease, with an emphasis on the types of implant abutment surfaces. Individuals with periodontal disease typically have a large amount of pathogenic microorganisms in the periodontal pocket. If the individuals lose their teeth, these microorganisms remain viable inside the mouth and can directly influence peri-implant microbiota. Metal implants offer a suitable solution, but similarly, these remaining bacteria can adhere on abutment implant surfaces, induce peri-implantitis causing potential destruction of the alveolar bone near to the implant threads and cause the subsequent loss of the implant. Studies have demonstrated differences in biofilm formation on dental materials and these variations can be associated with both physical and chemical characteristics of the surfaces. In the case of partially edentulous patients affected by periodontal disease, the ideal type of implant abutments utilized should be one that adheres the least or negligible amounts of periodontopathogenic bacteria. Therefore, it is of clinically relevance to know how the bacteria behave on different types of surfaces in order to develop new materials and/or new types of treatment surfaces, which will reduce or inhibit adhesion of pathogenic microorganisms, and, thus, restrict the use of the abutments with indication propensity for bacterial adhesion.
Keywords: biofilm; dental implants; titanium; zirconia biofilm; dental implants; titanium; zirconia
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

de Avila, E.D.; de Molon, R.S.; Vergani, C.E.; de Assis Mollo, Jr., F.; Salih, V. The Relationship between Biofilm and Physical-Chemical Properties of Implant Abutment Materials for Successful Dental Implants. Materials 2014, 7, 3651-3662.

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