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Materials 2014, 7(5), 3623-3633; doi:10.3390/ma7053623
Article

Phosphor Deposits of β-Sialon:Eu2+ Mixed with SnO2 Nanoparticles Fabricated by the Electrophoretic Deposition (EPD) Process

1
,
1,* , 2
,
1
 and
2
1 Materials Processing Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047, Japan 2 Sialon Unit, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 January 2014 / Revised: 23 April 2014 / Accepted: 30 April 2014 / Published: 6 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Manufacturing Processes and Systems)
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Abstract

The phosphor deposits of the β-sialon:Eu2+ mixed with various amounts (0–1 g) of the SnO2 nanoparticles were fabricated by the electrophoretic deposition (EPD) process. The mixed SnO2 nanoparticles was observed to cover onto the particle surfaces of the β-sialon:Eu2+ as well as fill in the voids among the phosphor particles. The external and internal quantum efficiencies (QEs) of the prepared deposits were found to be dependent on the mixing amount of the SnO2: by comparing with the deposit without any mixing (48% internal and 38% external QEs), after mixing the SnO2 nanoparticles, the both QEs were improved to 55% internal and 43% external QEs at small mixing amount (0.05 g); whereas, with increasing the mixing amount to 0.1 and 1 g, they were reduced to 36% and 29% for the 0.1 g addition and 15% and 12% l QEs for the 1 g addition. More interestingly, tunable color appearances of the deposits prepared by the EPD process were achieved, from yellow green to blue, by varying the addition amount of the SnO2, enabling it as an alternative technique instead of altering the voltage and depositing time for the color appearance controllability.
Keywords: phosphor; light-emitting diodes (LEDs); β-sialon:Eu2+ phosphor; light-emitting diodes (LEDs); β-sialon:Eu2+
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Zhang, C.; Uchikoshi, T.; Liu, L.; Sakka, Y.; Hirosaki, N. Phosphor Deposits of β-Sialon:Eu2+ Mixed with SnO2 Nanoparticles Fabricated by the Electrophoretic Deposition (EPD) Process. Materials 2014, 7, 3623-3633.

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