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Materials 2014, 7(4), 3274-3290; doi:10.3390/ma7043274
Review

Donor-Acceptor Block Copolymers: Synthesis and Solar Cell Applications

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Received: 4 March 2014; in revised form: 3 April 2014 / Accepted: 15 April 2014 / Published: 22 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Energy Materials)
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Abstract: Fullerene derivatives have been widely used for conventional acceptor materials in organic photovoltaics (OPVs) because of their high electron mobility. However, there are also considerable drawbacks for use in OPVs, such as negligible light absorption in the visible-near-IR regions, less compatibility with donor polymeric materials and high cost for synthesis and purification. Therefore, the investigation of non-fullerene acceptor materials that can potentially replace fullerene derivatives in OPVs is increasingly necessary, which gives rise to the possibility of fabricating all-polymer (polymer/polymer) solar cells that can deliver higher performance and that are potentially cheaper than fullerene-based OPVs. Recently, considerable attention has been paid to donor-acceptor (D-A) block copolymers, because of their promising applications as fullerene alternative materials in all-polymer solar cells. However, the synthesis of D-A block copolymers is still a challenge, and therefore, the establishment of an efficient synthetic method is now essential. This review highlights the recent advances in D-A block copolymers synthesis and their applications in all-polymer solar cells.
Keywords: donor-acceptor block copolymer; conjugated polymer; cross-coupling reaction; electron-transporting material; nanomorphology; organic photovoltaic donor-acceptor block copolymer; conjugated polymer; cross-coupling reaction; electron-transporting material; nanomorphology; organic photovoltaic
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nakabayashi, K.; Mori, H. Donor-Acceptor Block Copolymers: Synthesis and Solar Cell Applications. Materials 2014, 7, 3274-3290.

AMA Style

Nakabayashi K, Mori H. Donor-Acceptor Block Copolymers: Synthesis and Solar Cell Applications. Materials. 2014; 7(4):3274-3290.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nakabayashi, Kazuhiro; Mori, Hideharu. 2014. "Donor-Acceptor Block Copolymers: Synthesis and Solar Cell Applications." Materials 7, no. 4: 3274-3290.


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