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Materials 2014, 7(3), 2242-2256; doi:10.3390/ma7032242
Article

Interaction of Heavy Metal Ions with Carbon and Iron Based Particles

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Received: 24 November 2013; in revised form: 6 January 2014 / Accepted: 18 February 2014 / Published: 18 March 2014
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Abstract: Due to the rapid development of industry and associated production of toxic waste, especially heavy metals, there is a great interest in creating and upgrading new sorption materials to remove these pollutants from the environment. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of different carbon forms (graphene, expanded carbon, multi-wall nanotubes) and paramagnetic particles (Fe2O3) for adsorption of cadmium(II), lead(II), and copper(II) on its surface, with different interaction time from 1 min to 24 h. The main attention is paid to the detection of these metals using differential pulse voltammetry. Based on the obtained results, graphene and Fe2O3 are found to be good candidates for removal of heavy metals from the environment.
Keywords: electrochemical detection; multi-wall nanotubes; graphene; expanded carbon; heavy metal ions; paramagnetic particle; voltammetry electrochemical detection; multi-wall nanotubes; graphene; expanded carbon; heavy metal ions; paramagnetic particle; voltammetry
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fialova, D.; Kremplova, M.; Melichar, L.; Kopel, P.; Hynek, D.; Adam, V.; Kizek, R. Interaction of Heavy Metal Ions with Carbon and Iron Based Particles. Materials 2014, 7, 2242-2256.

AMA Style

Fialova D, Kremplova M, Melichar L, Kopel P, Hynek D, Adam V, Kizek R. Interaction of Heavy Metal Ions with Carbon and Iron Based Particles. Materials. 2014; 7(3):2242-2256.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fialova, Dana; Kremplova, Monika; Melichar, Lukas; Kopel, Pavel; Hynek, David; Adam, Vojtech; Kizek, Rene. 2014. "Interaction of Heavy Metal Ions with Carbon and Iron Based Particles." Materials 7, no. 3: 2242-2256.


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