Next Article in Journal
Corrosion Resistance of Calcium Aluminate Cement Concrete Exposed to a Chloride Environment
Previous Article in Journal
Fabrications and Applications of Stimulus-Responsive Polymer Films and Patterns on Surfaces: A Review
Materials 2014, 7(2), 876-886; doi:10.3390/ma7020876

Study on Surface Permeability of Concrete under Immersion

1,* , 1
2,*  and 1
1 Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Durability for Marine Civil Engineering, College of Civil Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China 2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 December 2013 / Revised: 16 January 2014 / Accepted: 23 January 2014 / Published: 28 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Porous Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [579 KB, uploaded 28 January 2014]   |   Browse Figures


In this paper, concrete specimens are immersed in ultrapure water, to study the evolutions of surface permeability, pore structure and paste microstructure following the prolonging of immersion period. According to the results, after 30-day immersion, the surface permeability of concrete becomes higher as compared with the value before immersion. However, further immersion makes the surface permeability decrease, so that the value measured after 150-day immersion is only half that measured after 30-day immersion. The early increase in surface permeability should be mainly attributed to the leaching of calcium hydroxide, while the later decrease to the refinement of pore structure due to hydration. The two effects work simultaneously and compete throughout the immersion period. The proposed mechanisms get support from microscopic measurements and observations.
Keywords: concrete; immersion; calcium hydroxide; surface permeability; pore structure concrete; immersion; calcium hydroxide; surface permeability; pore structure
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, J.; Xing, F.; Dong, B.; Ma, H.; Pan, D. Study on Surface Permeability of Concrete under Immersion. Materials 2014, 7, 876-886.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


Cited By

[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert