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Study on Mg/Al Weld Seam Based on Zn–Mg–Al Ternary Alloy
Key Laboratory of Liaoning Advanced Welding and Joining Technology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 December 2013; in revised form: 29 January 2014 / Accepted: 6 February 2014 / Published: 13 February 2014
Abstract: Based on the idea of alloying welding seams, a series of Zn–xAl filler metals was calculated and designed for joining Mg/Al dissimilar metals by gas tungsten arc (GTA) welding. An infrared thermography system was used to measure the temperature of the welding pool during the welding process to investigate the solidification process. It was found that the mechanical properties of the welded joints were improved with the increasing of the Al content in the Zn–xAl filler metals, and when Zn–30Al was used as the filler metal, the ultimate tensile strength could reach a maximum of 120 MPa. The reason for the average tensile strength of the joint increasing was that the weak zone of the joint using Zn–30Al filler metal was generated primarily by α-Al instead of MgZn2. When Zn–40Al was used as the filler metal, a new transition zone, about 20 μm-wide, appeared in the edge of the fusion zone near the Mg base metal. Due to the transition zones consisting of MgZn2- and Al-based solid solution, the mechanical property of the joints was deteriorated.
Keywords: Mg/Al welding; multicomponent alloy; intermetallics; microstructure evolution
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MDPI and ACS Style
Liu, L.; Liu, F.; Zhu, M. Study on Mg/Al Weld Seam Based on Zn–Mg–Al Ternary Alloy. Materials 2014, 7, 1173-1187.
Liu L, Liu F, Zhu M. Study on Mg/Al Weld Seam Based on Zn–Mg–Al Ternary Alloy. Materials. 2014; 7(2):1173-1187.
Liu, Liming; Liu, Fei; Zhu, Meili. 2014. "Study on Mg/Al Weld Seam Based on Zn–Mg–Al Ternary Alloy." Materials 7, no. 2: 1173-1187.