Materials 2014, 7(1), 97-105; doi:10.3390/ma7010097
Article

Controlled Synthesis of Carbon Nanoparticles in a Supercritical Carbon Disulfide System

1,2,* email, 1email, 2email, 1email and 2,* email
Received: 25 November 2013; in revised form: 13 December 2013 / Accepted: 23 December 2013 / Published: 27 December 2013
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Carbon nanoparticles with large surface areas were produced by the reduction of carbon disulfide with metallic lithium at 500 °C. The carbon nanoparticles account for about 80% of the carbon product. The carbon nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, high resolution transmission electron microscopy and N2 physisorption. The results showed that carbon nanoparticles predominate in the product. The influence of experimental conditions was investigated, which indicated that temperature plays a crucial role in the formation of carbon nanoparticles. The possible formation mechanism of the carbon nanoparticles was discussed. This method provides a simple and efficient route to the synthesis of carbon nanoparticles.
Keywords: carbon nanoparticles; chemical synthesis; Raman spectroscopy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lou, Z.; Huang, H.; Li, M.; Shang, T.; Chen, C. Controlled Synthesis of Carbon Nanoparticles in a Supercritical Carbon Disulfide System. Materials 2014, 7, 97-105.

AMA Style

Lou Z, Huang H, Li M, Shang T, Chen C. Controlled Synthesis of Carbon Nanoparticles in a Supercritical Carbon Disulfide System. Materials. 2014; 7(1):97-105.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lou, Zhengsong; Huang, Hongying; Li, Min; Shang, Tongming; Chen, Changle. 2014. "Controlled Synthesis of Carbon Nanoparticles in a Supercritical Carbon Disulfide System." Materials 7, no. 1: 97-105.


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