Materials 2013, 6(8), 3641-3662; doi:10.3390/ma6083641

Progress in Titanium Metal Powder Injection Molding

Received: 29 July 2013; in revised form: 8 August 2013 / Accepted: 9 August 2013 / Published: 20 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Progress in Net-shaped PM (Powder Metallurgical) Parts)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Metal powder injection molding is a shaping technology that has achieved solid scientific underpinnings. It is from this science base that recent progress has occurred in titanium powder injection molding. Much of the progress awaited development of the required particles with specific characteristics of particle size, particle shape, and purity. The production of titanium components by injection molding is stabilized by a good understanding of how each process variable impacts density and impurity level. As summarized here, recent research has isolated the four critical success factors in titanium metal powder injection molding (Ti-MIM) that must be simultaneously satisfied—density, purity, alloying, and microstructure. The critical role of density and impurities, and the inability to remove impurities with sintering, compels attention to starting Ti-MIM with high quality alloy powders. This article addresses the four critical success factors to rationalize Ti-MIM processing conditions to the requirements for demanding applications in aerospace and medical fields. Based on extensive research, a baseline process is identified and reported here with attention to linking mechanical properties to the four critical success factors.
Keywords: titanium; metal powder injection molding; purity; density; sintering; microstructure; alloying; powder characteristics; particle size; oxygen control
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MDPI and ACS Style

German, R.M. Progress in Titanium Metal Powder Injection Molding. Materials 2013, 6, 3641-3662.

AMA Style

German RM. Progress in Titanium Metal Powder Injection Molding. Materials. 2013; 6(8):3641-3662.

Chicago/Turabian Style

German, Randall M. 2013. "Progress in Titanium Metal Powder Injection Molding." Materials 6, no. 8: 3641-3662.

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