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Materials 2013, 6(12), 5625-5638; doi:10.3390/ma6125625
Article

Facile Synthesis of Mono-Dispersed Polystyrene (PS)/Ag Composite Microspheres via Modified Chemical Reduction

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1,* , 1,*  and 2
1 College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225002, China 2 College of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu University of Technology, Changzhou 213001, China
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 October 2013 / Revised: 15 November 2013 / Accepted: 25 November 2013 / Published: 4 December 2013
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Abstract

A modified method based on in situ chemical reduction was developed to prepare mono-dispersed polystyrene/silver (PS/Ag) composite microspheres. In this approach; mono-dispersed PS microspheres were synthesized through dispersion polymerization using poly-vinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as a dispersant at first. Then, poly-dopamine (PDA) was fabricated to functionally modify the surfaces of PS microspheres. With the addition of [Ag(NH3)2]+ to the PS dispersion, [Ag(NH3)2]+ complex ions were absorbed and reduced to silver nanoparticles on the surfaces of PS-PDA microspheres to form PS/Ag composite microspheres. PVP acted both as a solvent of the metallic precursor and as a reducing agent. PDA also acted both as a chemical protocol to immobilize the silver nanoparticles at the PS surface and as a reducing agent. Therefore, no additional reducing agents were needed. The resulting composite microspheres were characterized by TEM, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), XRD, UV-Vis and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). The results showed that Ag nanoparticles (NPs) were homogeneously immobilized onto the PS microspheres’ surface in the presence of PDA and PVP. PS/Ag composite microspheres were well formed with a uniform and compact shell layer and were adjustable in terms of their optical property.
Keywords: silver nanoparticle; PS/Ag composite; dopamine; PVP; hollow microsphere silver nanoparticle; PS/Ag composite; dopamine; PVP; hollow microsphere
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).
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Zhu, W.; Wu, Y.; Yan, C.; Wang, C.; Zhang, M.; Wu, Z. Facile Synthesis of Mono-Dispersed Polystyrene (PS)/Ag Composite Microspheres via Modified Chemical Reduction. Materials 2013, 6, 5625-5638.

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