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Materials 2013, 6(11), 5171-5198; doi:10.3390/ma6115171

Recent Development of Flax Fibres and Their Reinforced Composites Based on Different Polymeric Matrices

1
Centre of Automotive Technology, Cranfield University, Cranfield, MK43 0AL, UK
2
Cranfiled Health, Cranfield University, Cranfield, MK43 0AL, UK
3
Institute for Innovation, Design and Sustainability, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen AB10 7GJ, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 September 2013 / Revised: 26 September 2013 / Accepted: 14 October 2013 / Published: 12 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterials)
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Abstract

This work describes flax fibre reinforced polymeric composites with recent developments. The properties of flax fibres, as well as advanced fibre treatments such as mercerization, silane treatment, acylation, peroxide treatment and coatings for the enhancement of flax/matrix incompatibility are presented. The characteristic properties and characterizations of flax composites on various polymers including polypropylene (PP) and polylactic acid, epoxy, bio-epoxy and bio-phenolic resin are discussed. A brief overview is also given on the recent nanotechnology applied in flax composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: flax composites; mechanical properties; modifications flax composites; mechanical properties; modifications
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, J.; Zhu, H.; Njuguna, J.; Abhyankar, H. Recent Development of Flax Fibres and Their Reinforced Composites Based on Different Polymeric Matrices. Materials 2013, 6, 5171-5198.

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