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Materials 2013, 6(11), 5131-5158; doi:10.3390/ma6115131

The Change from Past to Future for Adsorbent Materials in Treatment of Dyeing Wastewaters

1,2,* , 3
1 Laboratory of General & Inorganic Chemical Technology, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki GR 541 24, Greece 2 Department of Petroleum and Natural Gas Technology, Technological Educational Institute of Kavala, Kavala GR 654 04, Greece 3 Environmental Engineering Program, Department of Civil Engineering, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 September 2013 / Revised: 27 October 2013 / Accepted: 2 November 2013 / Published: 8 November 2013
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Adsorption is one of the most promising decolorization techniques in dyeing wastewater treatment. Adsorption techniques for wastewater treatment have become more popular in recent years owing to their efficiency in the removal of pollutants too stable for biological methods. Dye adsorption is a result of two mechanisms (adsorption and ion exchange) and is influenced by many factors as dye/adsorbent interaction, adsorbent’s surface area, particle size, temperature, pH, and contact time. The main advantage of adsorption recently became the use of low-cost materials, which reduces the procedure cost. The present review firstly introduced the technology process, research history and research hotspot of adsorption. Then, the application of adsorption in treatment of dyeing wastewaters in the past decades was summarized, revealing the impressive changes in modes, trends, and conditions. From this review article, the different philosophy of synthesis of adsorbent materials became evident.
Keywords: adsorption; dyeing wastewater; sustainability; past; future adsorption; dyeing wastewater; sustainability; past; future
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Kyzas, G.Z.; Fu, J.; Matis, K.A. The Change from Past to Future for Adsorbent Materials in Treatment of Dyeing Wastewaters. Materials 2013, 6, 5131-5158.

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