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Materials 2010, 3(3), 1593-1619; doi:10.3390/ma3031593
Review

Development of Fabrication Methods of Filler/Polymer Nanocomposites: With Focus on Simple Melt-Compounding-Based Approach without Surface Modification of Nanofillers

Department of Molecular Design and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
Received: 28 December 2009 / Revised: 12 February 2010 / Accepted: 1 March 2010 / Published: 4 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocomposites of Polymers and Inorganic Particles)
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Abstract

Many attempts have been made to fabricate various types of inorganic nanoparticle-filled polymers (filler/polymer nanocomposites) by a mechanical or chemical approach. However, these approaches require modification of the nanofiller surfaces and/or complicated polymerization reactions, making them unsuitable for industrial-scale production of the nanocomposites. The author and coworkers have proposed a simple melt-compounding method for the fabrication of silica/polymer nanocomposites, wherein silica nanoparticles without surface modification were dispersed through the breakdown of loose agglomerates of colloidal nano-silica spheres in a kneaded polymer melt. This review aims to discuss experimental techniques of the proposed method and its advantages over other developed methods.
Keywords: nanocomposite; thermoplastic polymer; silica nanoparticle; agglomerate; pore structure; packing arrangement; fracture strength; colloidal stability; shear stress; direct melt-compounding nanocomposite; thermoplastic polymer; silica nanoparticle; agglomerate; pore structure; packing arrangement; fracture strength; colloidal stability; shear stress; direct melt-compounding
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Tanahashi, M. Development of Fabrication Methods of Filler/Polymer Nanocomposites: With Focus on Simple Melt-Compounding-Based Approach without Surface Modification of Nanofillers. Materials 2010, 3, 1593-1619.

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