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Materials 2010, 3(3), 1593-1619; doi:10.3390/ma3031593
Review

Development of Fabrication Methods of Filler/Polymer Nanocomposites: With Focus on Simple Melt-Compounding-Based Approach without Surface Modification of Nanofillers

Received: 28 December 2009 / Revised: 12 February 2010 / Accepted: 1 March 2010 / Published: 4 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanocomposites of Polymers and Inorganic Particles)
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Abstract

Many attempts have been made to fabricate various types of inorganic nanoparticle-filled polymers (filler/polymer nanocomposites) by a mechanical or chemical approach. However, these approaches require modification of the nanofiller surfaces and/or complicated polymerization reactions, making them unsuitable for industrial-scale production of the nanocomposites. The author and coworkers have proposed a simple melt-compounding method for the fabrication of silica/polymer nanocomposites, wherein silica nanoparticles without surface modification were dispersed through the breakdown of loose agglomerates of colloidal nano-silica spheres in a kneaded polymer melt. This review aims to discuss experimental techniques of the proposed method and its advantages over other developed methods.
Keywords: nanocomposite; thermoplastic polymer; silica nanoparticle; agglomerate; pore structure; packing arrangement; fracture strength; colloidal stability; shear stress; direct melt-compounding nanocomposite; thermoplastic polymer; silica nanoparticle; agglomerate; pore structure; packing arrangement; fracture strength; colloidal stability; shear stress; direct melt-compounding
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Tanahashi, M. Development of Fabrication Methods of Filler/Polymer Nanocomposites: With Focus on Simple Melt-Compounding-Based Approach without Surface Modification of Nanofillers. Materials 2010, 3, 1593-1619.

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