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Materials 2010, 3(12), 5029-5053; doi:10.3390/ma3125029
Review

Application of Nanostructures in Electrochromic Materials and Devices: Recent Progress

1
, 1,2,*  and 1
1 School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore 2 Department of Applied Physics, College of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 October 2010 / Revised: 18 November 2010 / Accepted: 23 November 2010 / Published: 26 November 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Energy Materials)
Download PDF [2058 KB, 29 November 2010; original version 26 November 2010]

Abstract

The recent progress in application of nanostructures in electrochromic materials and devices is reviewed. ZnO nanowire array modified by viologen and WO3, crystalline WO3 nanoparticles and nanorods, mesoporous WO3 and TiO2, poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) nanotubes, Prussian blue nanoinks and nanostructures in switchable mirrors are reviewed. The electrochromic properties were significantly enhanced by applying nanostructures, resulting in faster switching responses, higher stability and higher optical contrast. A perspective on the development trends in electrochromic materials and devices is also proposed.
Keywords: electrochromic; ZnO nanowire; WO3; TiO2; Prussian blue; crystalline; mesoporous; nanostructures electrochromic; ZnO nanowire; WO3; TiO2; Prussian blue; crystalline; mesoporous; nanostructures
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Wang, J.M.; Sun, X.W.; Jiao, Z. Application of Nanostructures in Electrochromic Materials and Devices: Recent Progress. Materials 2010, 3, 5029-5053.

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